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CLASSIC BORDEAUX

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Bordeaux is a classic region that is trending once again. Known for its centuries-old wine-making traditions in southwest France, Bordeaux is home to some of the most famous wineries in the world. The Romans appreciated fine Bordeaux wines as did the English during the Middle Ages. The wines gained worldwide popularity in the 18th-19th centuries, in part due to the region’s close proximity to rivers and the Atlantic Ocean, which eased export. Bordeaux is most known for its red wines and noble sweet wines but also produces high quality dry white wines. For the Wine of the Year 2017, Les Domaines Rollan de By brought together Bordeaux tradition with modernity.


MARITIME CLIMATE

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Bordeaux has a maritime climate driven by its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. The warm Gulf Stream and the Gironde River act as heat-regulators and moderate the climate. This gives the region mild winters, warm summers, and long, sunny autumns. The region is protected from sea winds by the coastal strip of pine forest which runs almost parallel to the region. The oceanic influence places the region in a very privileged position with few temperature extremes.


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TOP-SHELF TERROIR

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Influenced by the nearby Atlantic Ocean and Gironde River, the Bordeaux terroir features limestone, clay and sandy soil that offer exceptional grape-growing conditions. The terroir has a direct impact on the wine’s typicity by influencing the grapes’ sugar content, total acidity, and anthocyanin levels. The soil supports the vines’ rooting, influences hydration, and contains nutrients that enhance growth. Bordeaux reds are blended wines and their unique expression of typicity helps people know when they’re tasting a Bordeaux.


INTERVIEW WITH PHILIPPE BAPPEL: WHAT MAKES A BORDEAUX A BORDEAUX

METRO:
What makes Bordeaux wine different from other wines?
Bappel: 

Due to its geographic location, Bordeaux enjoys an exceptional climate. Its opening on the river and the ocean allowed the marketing of these wines all around the world. Its diversity of terroirs and grape varieties concentrated around the city of Bordeaux offers a multitude of different appellations and products in white and red.

METRO:
Would you say someone can “taste” a Bordeaux wine?
Bappel: 

The typical grape varieties of Bordeaux, its way of elaboration, and ageing allow us to give tracks of recognition of the appellation. First, Bordeaux wines are blended wines. The colour of a Bordeaux is denser with a high colour intensity. The varietal aromas are rather on the red fruits such as cherry, blackcurrant, etc. The tannic structure of a Bordeaux brings full body and elegance.

METRO:
Which grapes do you use for the red, white, and rose Wines of the Year?
Bappel: 

For the red wine, we use 55% Merlot, 25% Cabernet Sauvignon, 20% Cabernet Franc grapes. Our white wine is made entirely from Sauvignon Blanc grapes and our rosé is 100% Merlot grapes.

METRO:
How do you see your winery in relation to others from Bordeaux?
Bappel: 

Our winery is positioned between tradition and modernity. Indeed, the conduct of the vineyard follows all the criteria of sustainable agriculture. All the phytosanitary inputs are controlled by our agricultural engineer.

METRO:
Have you introduced any innovative aspects to your winery?
Bappel: 

The whole winery is thermo-regulated with an automatic pumping system. A daily analysis by our oenologists makes this winery one of the best in the region.


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